Malocclusion refers to the deformity of teeth, jawbone and craniofacial caused by congenital genetic factors or postnatal environmental factors, such as diseases, bad oral habits, abnormal tooth replacement and so on.
malocclusion includes the amount of teeth and bone.
teeth and jawbone.
upper and lower arch.
Incongruity between maxilla and mandible, skull and craniofacial region.
How to prevent malocclusion in children?
Most of the malocclusion can be prevented. The following should be done:
1. To solve the genetic malocclusion in eugenics.
pay attention to maternal nutrition and health care, prevent maternal diseases, is the prerequisite to ensure the normal development of the fetus.
prevent the trauma during the birth.
2. Pay attention to the feeding of infants. It is very important for
to feed infants reasonably and adopt correct feeding posture.
advocates breastfeeding. When using artificial feeding, it is better to use a nipple similar to the mother’s nipple. The opening of the nipple should not be too large and the diameter should be 1-2 mm.
After children can chew food, they should eat some hard and digestible food to exercise masticatory muscles and promote the development of masticatory organs
3. Pay attention to children’s physical and mental health, strengthen nutrition and pay attention to oral health.
timely discover and treat systemic diseases, such as rickets, dyspepsia, endocrine disorders and chronic inflammation of nasopharynx, etc., early filling caries.
4. To correct the bad habits of infants and young children.
is to remove the causes of bad habits first. It is not difficult to correct the bad habits that happen soon and do not last for a long time after parents’ guidance, reminding and patient persuasion.
use various kinds of bad habit breakers when necessary to help children overcome the bad habits.
Child tooth is not neat, when to rectify good?
In the past, it has been proposed that 12 years old is the best age for orthodontics.
but in fact, the effect of orthodontics is the best when children have just changed their teeth.
but it needs to be noted that sometimes the growth of primary teeth is not good, which will also affect the development of teeth later. At this time, it is necessary to correct primary teeth Therefore, parents should pay more attention to the observation of their children’s teeth when they are four or five years old. Once any abnormality is found, they should take the child to the hospital for diagnosis as soon as possible