As a result of caries, periodontal disease, trauma and other reasons, resulting in partial or complete loss of teeth.
teeth loss, first lead to the decline of chewing function, face collapse, pronunciation, etc.
if not repaired in time, the teeth on both sides of the missing teeth will tilt to the gap side.
Once the teeth are tilted and moved abnormally, they will show abnormal occlusion and food impaction, which will damage the periodontal tissues of the teeth around the edentulous space in one day and one night.
therefore, the dentures should be inserted in time after the teeth are missing.
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It’s usually about 3 months after extraction or scattered teeth.
which kind of denture is the best one to insert after all, which depends on the patient’s age, the number of missing teeth, the status of missing teeth and the oral condition.
let’s see what kinds of dentures are available, so we won’t be confused in the hospital
Removable dentures are the most common dentures among middle-aged and old people
Advantages: there are few tooth tissues to be removed, and removable dentures can be selected for restoration regardless of single tooth loss, multiple tooth loss or complete tooth loss.
is easy to remove and wear, easy to adjust and repair, and relatively cheap.
Defects: large volume, many parts, foreign body feeling at first wearing, more teeth repairing, larger supporting plate, sometimes affecting the appearance and pronunciation, causing nausea, volatility and masticatory efficiency.
In patients with more missing or missing teeth, dentures are more likely to be loose and loose, and easy to retain food. They need to be taken out of the outlet for cleaning. If they are not clean, they are easy to cause inflammation of the tooth bed and caries of the remaining teeth.
The denture is fixed on the natural teeth on the two adjacent sides of the missing teeth by the method of & ldquo; bridge connecting & rdquo;. The fixed denture of
is fixed on the denture that does not need to be taken down in the mouth. The fixed denture of
obtains enough position after grinding the base teeth, and then wear the bridge of porcelain, metal or other materials to restore the missing teeth
Advantages: good support, retention and fluctuation function, similar volume to the original natural teeth, easy to get used to, feel comfortable, no distinct foreign body feeling, little obstruction to the function of the tongue, no impact on the pronunciation, beautiful appearance.
, especially the use of porcelain teeth, can completely reach the level of falsehood and falsehood.
Defect: during the preparation of abutment, a part of tooth tissue needs to be removed, which is easy to damage the real teeth.
fixed denture has a narrower compliance than movable denture, which is only suitable for the restoration of individual missing teeth, and has a high requirement for the health of abutment.
if the abutment is loose or the root surface is exposed, it is not suitable to insert this kind of denture.
Because it can’t be removed, once there are complications, it often needs to be taken out destructively
Implant tooth is a kind of pure titanium artificial root implanted in the alveolar bone of the edentulous area. After a period of time of healing, the artificial root is connected with the denture, so as to recover the missing tooth
Advantages: the implant has good supporting, retaining and fluctuating functions.
has good comfort because the implant has no base or small base area.
is also the best one to restore chewing function.
Defects: the treatment cycle is generally long, and the cost is high. A tooth costs tens of thousands or even tens of thousands of yuan.
is also needed to take bone, implant autogenous bone or artificial bone for patients with particularly poor local bone condition.
Application and maintenance of denture
Do not use dentures to eat hard food.
movable dentures are usually made of plastic, consisting of several parts such as teeth clasps (hooks), brackets or rods. The chewing function of
dentures is not as good as that of real teeth, so it can not bear too much chewing pressure. Do not use dentures to eat hard food or sticky food.
In the process of wearing dentures, if there is pain, cheek biting, ring loosening, denture and denture holder are cracked, chewing is not effective, eating is easy to fall off and other conditions, you should find a doctor to correct or repair in time
Keep the teeth clean at all times. After eating
, take off the dentures and wash them with water. After gargling, put them on again to avoid food residue accumulating on the tissue surface of the dentures and stimulating the mucous membrane.
Before going to bed, the denture should be removed, washed and cleaned with soap, toothpaste, baking soda, tooth powder, etc., soaked in cold water or warm water (boiling water or alcohol is not allowed) to prevent deformation due to dry discharge
It is easy to gather plaque at the joint of porcelain teeth and abutment teeth, which forms dental calculus. Pay attention to cleaning. Floss can be used to clean the gap between teeth, and check and clean in hospital regularly