There are more than 1.7 million patients with cleft lip in China, most of them are hereditary diseases.
but why do children with cleft lip appear? Is it true that the “mother ate rabbit meat during pregnancy” or is it caused by her wrestling during pregnancy? Experts say with a smile that it’s very unscientific to say that eating rabbit meat and wrestling can cause rabbit lips.
At present, the cause of cleft lip and palate is not known in medicine. It is usually caused by the following two reasons: environmental factors are mainly caused by the following conditions in the early stage of pregnancy (before 3 months of pregnancy): virus infection, such as upper respiratory tract infection, rubella, etc.
Drug effects: such as taking antiepileptic drugs, cholesterol like drugs, antiallergic drugs, anticancer drugs, etc Other factors: such as X-ray, smoking, drinking and anoxia.
in addition, a considerable part of the cleft lip and palate is inherited, and the probability of cleft lip and palate in the first child is 1 / 600, if the first child is cleft lip and palate, the probability of cleft lip and palate in the second child is 3 / 100.
Experts say that serious children with cleft lip will affect their breast-feeding, not normal lactation, which will lead to malnutrition.
children can not speak clearly during their growth and development, which will affect the development of language.
In addition, because of their own appearance defects, children will form a sense of inferiority and mental disorders when they are ridiculed by their peers after entering school age
The repair of cleft lip is better 3 to 6 months after the birth of the child, because the general condition of the child has become more stable and the operation can be performed safely. At this time, the development of the child’s lip is also more conducive to the operation.
, but the operation of bilateral harelip should be performed more safely after the age of 6 months We should try to repair the cleft lip in rabbits within one year of age. There are many different ways to repair the cleft lip and forehead in
according to the different conditions of each patient, but no matter which way of operation, with the growth of children’s age, developmental deformity may occur, and it needs to be repaired twice or even to achieve “perfect”; in a word, patients with labia should be treated as early as possible, which can not only reduce the risk of operation, but also reduce the scar left after operation
Experts remind that the older parents are, the more likely their children are to have congenital cleft lip. In order to reduce the incidence of cleft lip, parents should have a lower child-bearing age.
pregnant women should not smoke, drink or use drugs during pregnancy, but also maintain a good and healthy attitude, so as to avoid the birth of congenital children.
The cleft lip and palate has become one of the most common congenital malformations. The incidence of
182%. The main manifestations of
cleft lip and palate are: 1.
cleft lip (unilateral or bilateral), that is, simple cleft lip.
cleft palate, upper jaw cleft 3. cleft lip and palate, cleft lip and palate, including gums.
According to the condition of simple cleft lip, cleft palate, cleft lip and palate, or cleft lip and palate, including the tooth bed, the children with cleft lip and palate should take various treatment measures in a planned way during the whole growth process from birth to 18 years old, which is called as the comprehensive sequential treatment of cleft lip and palate in medicine The purpose is to give timely and correct treatment according to the characteristics of deformity at different ages, so that the children with cleft lip and palate can improve their appearance to the greatest extent, and reconstruct their functions of sucking, speech, chewing and hearing
It is very important for parents of cleft lip and palate children to distinguish soft tissue from hard tissue.
In general, children with simple cleft lip should be operated at 3-6 months; children with bilateral cleft lip should be operated at 6-12 months; cleft palate surgery should be performed within 1-2 years of age; cracked or repaired gums should be performed at 9-11 years of age; the second reconstruction of soft tissue in nasolabial region should be performed after hard tissue reconstruction. Generally, children with female should be operated at 14-16 years of age, and children with male should be operated at 16-18 years of age The treatment of jaw deformity was performed after 16 to 18 years old
The treatment of cleft lip and palate is a comprehensive treatment, which needs the cooperation of Stomatology, surgery, plastic surgery, pediatrics and psychiatrists.
parents should not only cooperate with the treatment, but also do well in the feeding, voice training and psychological correction of children, which are indispensable for the treatment of children with cleft lip and palate
(Intern editor: simple)