Infant period is not only the period of tooth development, but also the period of high incidence of dental disease. Caries, tooth jaw deformity, tooth allergy and abnormal replacement of primary teeth are all frequent diseases. How can
make children have clean teeth?
Don’t have a bad tooth at a young age
“Your child is suffering from caries, so it’s recommended to go to the hospital for doctor’s guidance and treatment.
.” in the face of the doctor’s warning, Ms. Li did not understand why. Song Guocai, her son, was only 5 years old, but two teeth had been seriously caried.
In fact, there are too many children with serious caries, like song Guo. Every year, about 15000 children go to see a doctor, and most of them are serious caries According to the third national oral health epidemiological survey, the caries rate of primary teeth of 5-year-old children in China is 66%, while the questionnaire survey of parents shows that only 49% of parents know the fluoride toothpaste, and only 9% of parents can help their children brush their teeth every day. At present, there are some misunderstandings due to their own reasons.
Myth 1: primary teeth don’t need nursing, but will be replaced by new teeth anyway.
if primary teeth fall off prematurely, leading to premature eruption of new permanent teeth, children’s teeth will grow upside down, causing deformities.
Myth 2: sleeping with a bottle. The sugar of
accumulates around the teeth and gums, and is mixed with the bacteria in the mouth, which promotes the propagation of bacteria and causes caries. When
sleeps, the saliva flows slowly, which is more likely to occur.
Myth 3: children who don’t have long teeth don’t need to brush.
in fact, when a baby hasn’t sprouted its first tooth, parents should also clean the baby’s gums with soft gauze after feeding each time, because without a good “foundation” there won’t be good teeth When the baby teeth are not coming out, the baby should be provided with toys for chewing to help the baby develop the gums
dentists often need to check the patient’s past medical history to help judge the condition of the teeth. therefore, children should establish a sound dental health record since childhood.
Myth 5: it’s very painful for children to see their teeth.
in the United States, dentists are most concerned about helping children overcome the fear of seeing a doctor. Therefore, it’s a happy thing to let children learn to care for their teeth from an early age and give them health care, rather than let them have shadow and rejection of dentists
Sucking hand and biting mouth, easy to open teeth and pocket teeth
In addition to the congenital factors such as maxillary hypoplasia and heredity, there is a great relationship between dentomaxillary deformity and feeding methods, oral habits and diet.
, especially sucking fingers and spitting tongue, leads to uneven teeth; biting the lower lip can lead to anterior process of upper teeth, resulting in “overdentures”; biting the upper lip can lead to anterior process of lower jaw, resulting in “pocket teeth”.
Tips: 1. Avoid using pacifiers for babies.
when using bottles, parents should hold the bottles perpendicular to the face, try not to let the children take them by themselves, and never drink on their own.
should stop using bottles from 1.5 to 2 years old.
2. Help children to get rid of bad habits.
such as not sucking lip, tongue, cheek soft tissue; not biting coins, fingers and other foreign matters; not using your own teeth as a tool, using your teeth to crack hard nut shells, crab legs and so on.
children with mouth breathing habits should check whether their upper respiratory tract is unobstructed, and treat tonsil enlargement, adenoid hypertrophy and other diseases in time
3. Give more fiber food to children to enhance chewing function.
often eat vegetables, fresh fruits and other foods with high fiber content and rich nutrition, which is conducive to the self-cleaning of teeth, is not easy to suffer from caries, and can promote the growth and development of oral and maxillofacial, and promote the orderly arrangement of teeth.
4. Don’t miss the best time for orthodontics. The best time for reverse occlusion of
primary anterior teeth is 3-4 years old.
if there is malocclusion such as uneven teeth arrangement, it should wait until about 12 years old, when the primary teeth are completely replaced with permanent teeth
Drink too much and your teeth will fall
Tooth hypersensitivity, commonly known as “inverted teeth”, mainly refers to the short-term and sharp pain caused by cold, hot, sour, sweet and other stimuli, and now it has a trend of younger age
Nowadays, many children like to drink carbonated drinks, even when they drink carbonated drinks as water, which makes the oral cavity in an acidic state for a long time.
and acid will damage the integrity of enamel on the surface of teeth, expose the dentin inside the teeth, and cause tooth allergy.
When some children sleep and grind their teeth, they will also speed up the abrasion of enamel and develop tooth hypersensitivity.
Tips: 1. First, try to drink less or no carbonated drinks. If you drink
, it is better to use a straw, so that carbonated drinks do not directly contact the teeth, and play a protective role on the teeth.
2. Wash your mouth in time after drinking carbonated beverage.
it’s better to brush your teeth half an hour later, because the enamel is very soft just after drinking carbonated beverage. Brushing your teeth immediately will damage the enamel.
3. Eat less hard food and sugar, and correct children’s habit of sleeping and grinding
4. Select qualified toothbrush for children, and use correct brushing method to avoid excessive force when brushing
Caries is the enemy of primary teeth
After 1 year old, use less milk bottles and don’t chew food to feed the baby
The incidence rate of dental caries is the biggest enemy that endangering the health of deciduous teeth.
6 months babies can develop dental caries when they have just deciduous teeth. The highest incidence is in children aged 5 to 7.
, the enamel and dentin of deciduous teeth are thin, calcification is low, and the ability of anti acid is weak. Once food, especially sucrose, is left on the teeth, it is easy to ferment acid, and directly destroy the deciduous teeth and cause dental caries. The caries of
primary teeth is not as obvious as that of permanent teeth, which is easy to be ignored by parents. It is often when severe endodontic or apical diseases occur that children are taken to see a doctor
research shows that compared with artificial feeding, the sugar content of breast milk is less and the risk of caries is lower.
children learn to use milk cup to drink milk when they are one year old. After one and a half years old, they completely separate from the milk bottle and feed the liquid containing sugar with cup or spoon. milk bottle can only contain white water and sugar free milk
3. Adults should not pass on bacteria to children.
do not chew food to feed children, and put a pacifier or spoon in your mouth to test the temperature, so as not to pass the cariogenic bacteria in your mouth to children
4. Don’t eat any more before going to bed.
has less oral movement, low saliva secretion, and poor self-cleaning effect of the mouth. If you eat again before going to bed, it is easy to make bacteria in the mouth multiply, so as to suffer from caries and gingivitis.
In addition, professional personnel can be used in hospitals and kindergartens to prevent dental caries. After the eruption of
“six year old teeth”, pit and fissure sealing can be used to prevent dental caries