Dentofacial deformity refers to the deformity of craniofacial, jaw and tooth occlusion caused by congenital or acquired factors or environmental influence during the growth and development of children, such as gene transfer disease, abnormal tooth replacement period, bad oral habits, etc., such as abnormal jaw size, position and shape, disordered tooth position, irregular arrangement, abnormal relationship between jaw, tooth quantity and bone quantity, tooth quantity Tooth and jaw mismatch and up and down movement, upper and lower jaw, jaw and skull incongruity.
The harm of dentomaxillary deformity
Dental deformity is a common disease. The incidence rate in China is about 49%. It is harmful to the oral cavity and the whole body and heart. Dental deformities prevent normal development of oral and maxillofacial hard tissue, hamper the health of teeth, periodontal tissue, temporomandibular joint and related muscles, and also affect oral function and facial appearance. Good appearance is almost everyone’s pursuit. All kinds of dentomaxillary deformities will affect people’s self-confidence to a certain extent. In real life, they will also affect people’s life in work, mate selection and other aspects. The dysfunction of dentomaxillary deformity is certain. Dentomaxillary deformity will reduce the mastication function, further increase the burden of gastrointestinal tract, cause dyspepsia and gastrointestinal disease, affect the whole body and heart disease, and those with severe dentomaxillary deformity will appear Dysphagia, dyslexia, etc.
What are the common tooth jaw deformities?
There are various manifestations of dentomaxillary deformity, such as individual teeth dislocation, crowded or sparse teeth arrangement, horizontal dislocation of teeth occlusion (such as positive locking jaw and reversed locking jaw), vertical dislocation of teeth occlusion (such as open jaw and deep overburden jaw), horizontal vertical dislocation of teeth occlusion, such as abnormal shape of opposite jaw arch and abnormal relationship between occlusion, arch, jaw and craniofacial
What bad habits are easy to cause tooth jaw deformity?
Children’s bad oral habits are one of the causes of tooth and jaw deformity. The frequency, intensity and duration of the bad habits are dependent on the occurrence and degree of tooth and jaw deformity. The frequent and lasting abnormal pressure on a part of tooth and jaw will cause deformity. The common ones are: lip biting habit, finger sucking habit, side chewing habit, tongue habit, object biting habit, cheek supporting habit Mouth breathing habits, etc.
How to grasp the opportunity of correct deformity treatment?
As with other diseases, it is very important and necessary to prevent and find problems in the early stage, treat and correct them in the early stage. Some parents think that it is very wrong to correct the malocclusion until all the teeth have been replaced, which can delay the best time for treatment. Therefore, we suggest that parents take their children to the hospital for examination regularly Problems may occur, early prevention and control can often achieve twice the result with half the effort
Is adult tooth jaw deformity treatable?
With the continuous development of orthodontic technology, adult orthodontic technology has also been developed. However, due to the end of adult bone development, adult orthodontic treatment is very difficult, and the treatment time is relatively long. The indication of adult orthodontic is mainly caused by abnormal tooth relationship, while the deformity caused by abnormal jaw and craniomaxillofacial relationship is difficult to be corrected by orthodontic alone, It is often combined with orthognathic surgery