Angular stomatitis refers to the inflammation of the joint of upper and lower lips, with erosion, chapped and other symptoms, also known as angular erosion.
is divided into dystrophic angular stomatitis, coccal angular stomatitis and fungal angular stomatitis due to different etiologies.
There are a lot of children’s quarrels, which may be caused by cold, dry weather or some health factors Different angular stomatitis has different pathological characteristics. According to their own characteristics, the mother can roughly identify the causes of its occurrence: riboflavin deficiency, the lesions are usually symmetrical on both sides, local wet white erosion, severe chapped, often accompanied by cheilitis (dryness, cracking) and glossitis (congestion of the tongue, baldness, etc.); The patients with Candida albicans infection often suffer from wet and white erosion on the basis of irritation or riboflavin deficiency, which will not be cured for a long time. The problems of teeth, such as missing teeth, no teeth in the whole mouth, severe tooth wear and so on, can make the angle too tight, and saliva will be retained, which will lead to wet and white erosion of the angle
It seems that angular stomatitis is a small problem, but it is better to ask a doctor for diagnosis and treatment, so as to give corresponding treatment according to different reasons.
can generally be given vitamin B2 orally; in case of Candida albicans infection, appropriate application of nystatin can be made.
Dystrophic angular stomatitis often occurs in people with nutritional deficiency and vitamin B deficiency.
It is characterized by wet white bilateral corners, erosion or ulcer, transverse fissure, even extending from the corner of the mouth to the mucous membrane or skin around the mouth. The fissure is shallow, different in length and length, and the pain is not obvious. The corner of the mouth is often painful when stimulated.
is often accompanied by dry lips, cracks, occasionally scaly scales and slight swelling of the lips.
The back of the tongue is smooth, the filiform papillae are atrophic, the bacterial papillae with edema and hypertrophy are scattered, and there are teeth marks on the tongue edge.
is often accompanied with cheilitis and glossitis. The treatment of
should strengthen nutrition and supplement vitamin B complex.
Coccal stomatitis is caused by Streptococcus and Staphylococcus infection.
is often seen in elderly patients without teeth.
is characterized by wet white bilateral stoma, erosion or ulcer, transverse cracks, pus, bleeding and scab.
After the treatment, the local area should be cleaned, and then the antibiotic (such as erythromycin ointment) should be applied. At the same time, the broad-spectrum antibiotic can be taken orally, such as penicillin V potassium tablets, sulfonamides, spiramycin, etc
Fungal angular stomatitis is caused by fungal (mainly Candida albicans) infection.
is characterized by wet and white bilateral angular stoma with more obvious white color, erosion or ulcer, transverse crack, suppuration, bleeding, scab, often accompanied by cheilitis and lip erosion. Candida hyphae can be seen in
PAS staining The treatment should be cleaned and dried with nystatin solution, and then coated with nystatin, clotrimazole, miconazole, etc.